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[pen-tath-luh n, -lon] /pɛnˈtæθ lən, -lɒn/

an athletic contest comprising five different track and field events and won by the contestant gaining the highest total score.
an athletic contest consisting of five different events, based on a competition in the ancient Greek Olympics Compare decathlon

athletic contest of five events, 1852, from Greek pentathlon “the contest of five exercises,” from pente “five” (see five) + athlon “prize, contest,” of uncertain origin. Earlier in English in Latin form pentathlum (1706). The Greek version consisted of jumping, sprinting, discus and spear throwing, and wrestling. The modern version (1912) consists of horseback riding, fencing, shooting, swimming, and cross-country running.


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