Alan Mathison [math-uh-suh n] /ˈmæθ ə sən/ (Show IPA), 1912–54, English mathematician, logician, and pioneer in computer theory.
Contemporary Examples

And the fact that Turing was only posthumously pardoned by the Queen late last year is pretty insane.
Benedict Cumberbatch on ‘The Imitation Game,’ Homophobia, and How to Combat ISIS Marlow Stern September 7, 2014

In his 1950 paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” Turing asked, “Can machines think?”
The AI That Wasn’t: Why ‘Eugene Goostman’ Didn’t Pass the Turing Test Elizabeth Lopatto June 9, 2014

His whole Turing test strategy consists of finding things computers can’t mimic and then playing them up.
Great Weekend Reads The Daily Beast March 12, 2011

At no time during his ordeal was Turing able to publicly reveal the far greater secret that had framed his life since 1940.
The Castration of Alan Turing, Britain’s Code-Breaking WWII Hero Clive Irving November 28, 2014

Whatever the reason, in 1954 Turing found himself out in the cold as far as any future secret work was concerned.
The Castration of Alan Turing, Britain’s Code-Breaking WWII Hero Clive Irving November 28, 2014

The Turing test is named for computer scientist, mathematician, logician, and philosopher Alan Turing.
The AI That Wasn’t: Why ‘Eugene Goostman’ Didn’t Pass the Turing Test Elizabeth Lopatto June 9, 2014

Churchill would later say Turing made the single biggest contribution to allied victory.
Charles Dance on Tywin Lannister’s S5 Return, A ‘Game of Thrones’ Movie,’ and Sexy Peter Dinklage Marlow Stern November 17, 2014

Nonetheless, Turing killed himself on June 7, 1954, in a deliberately prepared way, by eating a cyanide-laced apple.
The Castration of Alan Turing, Britain’s Code-Breaking WWII Hero Clive Irving November 28, 2014

Historical Examples

The problem had been that Turing was smarter than the guy who thought up Enigma.
Little Brother Cory Doctorow

Once Turing looked hard at it, he figured out that the Nazi cryptographers had made a mathematical mistake.
Little Brother Cory Doctorow

Alan Mathison. 1912–54, English mathematician, who was responsible for formal description of abstract automata, and speculation on computer imitation of humans: a leader of the Allied codebreakers at Bletchley Park during World War II
British mathematician who in 1937 formulated a precise mathematical concept for a theoretical computing machine, a key step in the development of the first computer. After the war he designed computers for the British government and helped in developing the concept of artificial intelligence.

Our Living Language : Alan Turing—father of computer science, codebreaker, cognitive scientist, theoretician in artificial intelligence—achieved fame in 1936 at the age of 24 with a paper in which he showed that no universal algorithm exists that can determine whether a proposition in a given mathematical system is true or false. In the process of his proof he invented what has been called the Turing machine, an imaginary idealized computer that can compute any calculable mathematical function. The essentials of this machine (an input/output device, a memory, and a central processing unit) formed the basis for the design of all digital computers. After World War II broke out, he worked in England as a cryptanalyst, where he put his extraordinary talents to work on breaking the famous Enigma code used by the German military. By 1940, Turing was instrumental in designing a machine that broke the German code, allowing the Allies to secretly decipher intercepted German messages for the rest of the war. At war’s end, Turing was hired to help develop the world’s first electronic computer and ultimately designed the programming system of the Ferranti Mark 1, the first commercially available digital computer, in 1948. His guiding principle that the brain is simply a computer was an important founding assumption for the new fields of cognitive science and artificial intelligence. He was making advances in modeling the chemical mechanisms by which genes control the structural development of organisms when he suddenly died, just before his forty-second birthday.

1. Alan Turing.
2. R.C. Holt & J.R. Cordy [email protected], U Toronto, 1982. Descendant of Concurrent Euclid, an airtight super-Pascal. Used mainly for teaching programming at both high school and university level.
Available from Holt Software Assocs, Toronto.
Versions for Sun, MS-DOS, Mac, etc.
E-mail: .
[“Turing Language Report”, R.C. Holt & J.R. Cordy, Report CSRI-153, CSRI, U Toronto, Dec 1983].
[“The Turing Programming Language”, R.C. Holt & J.R. Cordy, CACM 31(12) (Dec 1988)].

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