[ahl-freyt loh-tahr,, loh-tahr] /ˈɑl freɪt ˈloʊ tɑr,, loʊˈtɑr/ (Show IPA), 1880–1930, German meteorologist and geophysicist: originated theory of continental drift.
Thorpe alludes in a note to a German poem by Wegener, which I have not seen.
The Science of Fairy Tales Edwin Sidney Hartland
Romantic student clubs at Lutter’s and Wegener’s wine-rooms left nothing untried to lure him to their nocturnal carousals.
Jewish Literature and Other Essays Gustav Karpeles
Alfred (ˈalfreːt). 1880–1930, German meteorologist: regarded as the originator of the theory of continental drift
German physicist, meteorologist, and explorer who introduced the theory of continental drift in 1915. His hypothesis was controversial and remained so until the 1960s, when new scientific understanding of the structure of the ocean floors provided evidence that his theory was correct.
Our Living Language : A look at a map shows that the eastern coast of South America and the western coast of Africa have roughly the same outline. By the early twentieth century scientists observing this similarity speculated that the two continents must have once been joined together with the other continents as one large landmass. But they were unable to come up with a satisfactory model to explain how this giant landmass could become the modern continents positioned around the globe. In 1912 Alfred Wegener proposed a radical new idea, called continental drift, claiming that the primeval supercontinent (which he named Pangaea) had slowly broken apart, its pieces separating over millions of years into the locations observed today. In the geological record he found corroborating evidence in the form of identical rock strata and fossil remains in eastern South America and western Africa and in other locations that would align if the continents fit together. Wegener’s theory was soon rejected because he could not propose a suitable mechanism to account for the supposed drifting of continents. It was not until the 1960s that a mechanism would appear—the theory of plate tectonics, stating that the Earth’s lithosphere is divided into plates on top of which the continents ride, slowly carried along by huge convection currents within the Earth’s mantle. Sadly, Wegener did not live to see the vindication of his theory, having died on an expedition to Greenland in 1930.
Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de [al-fawns ma-ree lwee duh pra duh] /alˈfɔ̃s maˈri lwi də pra də/ (Show IPA), 1790–1869, French poet, historian, and statesman. Historical Examples Lamartine was then so popular that he might have saved the situation. My Autobiography F. Max Mller Lamartine grew rapidly in public estimation, because he was a […]
Alfred (“Alf”) Mossman [maws-muh n,, mos-] /ˈmɔs mən,, ˈmɒs-/ (Show IPA), 1887–1987, U.S. politician. Contemporary Examples Enter ghost writer Landon Parvin—the go-to guy for political mirth. How Funny Is Obama? Sandra McElwaine January 29, 2009 Landon Wilson, a U.S. Navy cryptologic technician, returned from Afghanistan in 2013 to a promotion for good work. Yes to […]
Adrien Marie [a-dree-an ma-ree] /a driˈɛ̃ maˈri/ (Show IPA), 1752–1833, French mathematician. Historical Examples Always more ready to strike than to speak, Legendre’s gesture crushed before he spoke. History of the Girondists, Volume I Alphonse de Lamartine Legendre, the great French mathematician, died during this year. A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year […]
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Alberto [ahl-ver-taw] /ɑlˈvɛr tɔ/ (Show IPA), 1906–89, Colombian journalist, writer, and political leader: president 1945–46, 1958–62.
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Adolfo [ah-th awl-faw] /ɑˈðɔl fɔ/ (Show IPA), 1910–69, Mexican lawyer and politician: president of Mexico 1958–64.