Adhesive capsulitis: A condition in which a person has constant severe limitation of the range of motion of the shoulder due to scarring around the shoulder joint. Adhesive capsulitis is an unwanted consequence of rotator cuff disease that involves damage to the rotator cuff. The affected joint is characteristically painful and tender to palpation. Physical therapy and cortisone injections are often helpful. Surgery is used in advanced cases. Also known as frozen shoulder.
Adipocyte: A fat cell, a connective tissue cell that has differentiated and become specialized in the synthesis (manufacture) and storage of fat. The adipocyte is important to the body in maintaining proper energy balance, storing calories in the form of lipids, mobilizing energy sources in response to hormonal stimulation, and commanding changes by signal secretions. […]
Adiponectin: A protein hormone produced and secreted exclusively by adipocytes (fat cells) that regulates the metabolism of lipids and glucose. Adiponectin influences the body’s response to insulin. Adiponectin also has antiinflammatory effects on the cells lining the walls of blood vessels. High blood levels of adiponectin are associated with a reduced risk of heart attack. […]
Adipose: Fatty. Adipose refers to tissue made up of mainly fat cells such as the yellow layer of fat beneath the skin.
- Adipose most abundant gene transcript 1
Adipose most abundant gene transcript 1: Abbreviated APM1. The APM1 gene encodes the hormone adiponectin.
Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. From ad-, near + the Latin jacere, to lie = to lie near.