Airway obstruction: Partial or complete blockage of the breathing passages to the lungs. Causes include the presence of foreign matter, allergic reactions, infections, anatomical abnormalities, and trauma. Associated respiratory distress may be sudden, with only a cough for a warning. There is often agitation in the early stages. Other signs include labored, ineffective breathing, until the person is no longer breathing (apneic). Loss of consciousness occurs if the obstruction is not relieved. Treatment of airway obstruction due to a foreign body includes the Heimlich maneuver for adults, a series of five abdominal thrusts for children over 1 year of age, and a combination of five back blows with the flat of the hand and five abdominal thrusts with two fingers on the upper abdomen for infants.
AK: 1. Above the knee. 2. Acanthamoeba keratitis. 3. Actinic keratosis.
- AKA (above the knee amputation)
AKA (above the knee amputation): In general usage, this would be read to mean “also known as.” For example, William Jefferson (aka “Bill”) Clinton. However, in medical parlance, AKA means “above the knee amputation.” A nurse scrubbing for an AKA is getting ready to assist in an above-knee amputation. AKA is as opposed to BKA, […]
Akathisia: A movement disorder characterized by a feeling of inner restlessness and a compelling need to be in constant motion, as well as by actions such as rocking while standing or sitting, lifting the feet as if marching on the spot, and crossing and uncrossing the legs while sitting. People with akathisia are unable to […]
Akinetic: Related to the loss of the normal ability to move the muscles.
- Akinetic mutism
Akinetic mutism: A state in which a person is unable to speak (mute) or move (akinetic). Akinetic mutism is often due to damage to the frontal lobes of the brain.