British National Formulary: A twice-yearly source on prescribing, dispensing and administering medicines, intended primarily for use by physicians, pharmacists, nurses and other health-care professionals in the UK.
- Brittle diabetes
Brittle diabetes: A type of diabetes when a person’s blood glucose (sugar) level often swings quickly from high to low and from low to high. Also called “unstable diabetes” or “labile diabetes.”
- Brittle bone disease
Brittle bone disease: Osteogenesis imperfecta, not one but a group of genetic diseases, all of which affect collagen, a key component of connective tissue in tissues like bone, tendon and skin. All types of osteogenesis imperfecta result in fragile bones.
- Broca's area
Broca’s area: An area of the cerebral motor cortex in the frontal lobe of the brain that is responsible for speech development. Damage to Broca’s area can cause speech disorders, including apraxia and dyspraxia of speech. See also Apraxia of speech, Dyspraxia of speech.
- Broken foot
Disruption of one or more of the 26 bones in the foot. Foot fractures account for 10% of all the broken bones in the body. Symptoms of a broken foot include pain, swelling, bruising, and tenderness. Bones of the foot can be broken because of a sudden injury, such as jumping from a height or […]
Bromine: A brownish-red element that is a liquid at room temperature, dissolves in water, and has a bleach-like suffocating odor. Bromine occurs naturally in the earth’s crust and seawater. Bromine is found as an alternative to chlorine in swimming pools. Products containing bromine are used in agriculture and sanitation and as fire retardants. Some bromine-containing […]