Broca’s area: An area of the cerebral motor cortex in the frontal lobe of the brain that is responsible for speech development. Damage to Broca’s area can cause speech disorders, including apraxia and dyspraxia of speech.
See also Apraxia of speech, Dyspraxia of speech.
- Broken foot
Disruption of one or more of the 26 bones in the foot. Foot fractures account for 10% of all the broken bones in the body. Symptoms of a broken foot include pain, swelling, bruising, and tenderness. Bones of the foot can be broken because of a sudden injury, such as jumping from a height or […]
Bromine: A brownish-red element that is a liquid at room temperature, dissolves in water, and has a bleach-like suffocating odor. Bromine occurs naturally in the earth’s crust and seawater. Bromine is found as an alternative to chlorine in swimming pools. Products containing bromine are used in agriculture and sanitation and as fire retardants. Some bromine-containing […]
- Broken hip
Broken hip: Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due to a fall or other kind of trauma involving direct impact to the hip bone which has been weakened by osteoporosis. The part of the hip most often broken is the greater trochanter of the femur. In older people […]
Bromism: A disease caused by chronic exposure to bromine or one of its compounds. Bromism is characterized by mental dullness, memory loss, slurred speech, tremors, ataxia and muscular weakness, a transitory state resembling paranoid schizophrenia, and a skin eruption (bromoderma). Once a common problem, bromism was generally due to chronic ingestion of proprietary bromide preparations. […]
Bromobenzylcyanide: A riot control agent or “tear gas.” See: Riot control agent poisoning.