Cascade: A sequence of successive activation reactions involving enzymes (enzyme cascade) or hormones (hormone cascade) characterized by a series of amplifications of an initial stimulus. In blood coagulation, for example, each enzyme activates the next until the final product, the fibrin clot, is reached.
- Case-fatality proportion
Case-fatality proportion: The number of cases of a disease ending in death compared to the number of cases of the disease. Usually expressed as a percentage.
- Case-to-infection ratio
Case-to-infection ratio: The ratio of the number of cases of a disease compared to the number of infections with the agent that causes the disease. Also called the case-to-infection proportion.
Caseous: Cheeselike. In caseous lymphadenitis, the lymph nodes turn into a soft, dry, crumbly mass resembling cheese, usually due to tuberculosis or a related infection. From caseum, the Latin word for cheese.
- Caspase 3
Caspase 3: An enzyme that plays a key role in programmed cell death, or apoptosis. Caspase 3 has been called the “henchman that goes around and executes the cell.” It is a member of the family of asparate-specific cysteinyl proteases and is also known as caspase-3, CPP32, apopain, or YAMA.
- Cashew allergy
Cashew allergy: An allergic reaction to cashew nuts. Cashew allergy can be isolated, meaning that the individual is only allergic to cashews and not to other nuts, or the allergy may extend to other kinds of tree nuts such as walnuts and pistachios. Isolated cashew allergy can strike children or adults. No prior exposure to […]