Caspase 3: An enzyme that plays a key role in programmed cell death, or apoptosis. Caspase 3 has been called the “henchman that goes around and executes the cell.” It is a member of the family of asparate-specific cysteinyl proteases and is also known as caspase-3, CPP32, apopain, or YAMA.
- Cashew allergy
Cashew allergy: An allergic reaction to cashew nuts. Cashew allergy can be isolated, meaning that the individual is only allergic to cashews and not to other nuts, or the allergy may extend to other kinds of tree nuts such as walnuts and pistachios. Isolated cashew allergy can strike children or adults. No prior exposure to […]
Cassette: A pre-existing structure into which an insert can be moved. In molecular biology, a gene conversion process in which the old gene is replaced with a copy of a silent gene and the new copy becomes active. As the process involves replacing one ready made construct with another in an active slot, it is […]
Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molded to protect broken or fractured limb(s) as it heals. 2) An abnormal mass of dead cells that forms in a body cavity. For example, cases of cells that form in the tubules of the kidneys are sometimes detected in urine […]
- Casting, serial
Casting, serial: The use of successive casts to reshape deformed or spastic limbs or contracted joints.
- Castleman disease
Castleman disease: A disorder of lymphoid tissue (lymphadenopathy) with massive overgrowth (hyperplasia) of lymph nodes (“swollen glands”), most commonly affecting the nodes between the lungs (in the mediastinum). There are two quite different forms of Castleman’s disease. One form, found in 90% cases, is a localized kind of lymphadenopathy. It usually causes no symptoms, follows […]