Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molded to protect broken or fractured limb(s) as it heals. 2) An abnormal mass of dead cells that forms in a body cavity. For example, cases of cells that form in the tubules of the kidneys are sometimes detected in urine samples.
- Casting, serial
Casting, serial: The use of successive casts to reshape deformed or spastic limbs or contracted joints.
- Castleman disease
Castleman disease: A disorder of lymphoid tissue (lymphadenopathy) with massive overgrowth (hyperplasia) of lymph nodes (“swollen glands”), most commonly affecting the nodes between the lungs (in the mediastinum). There are two quite different forms of Castleman’s disease. One form, found in 90% cases, is a localized kind of lymphadenopathy. It usually causes no symptoms, follows […]
Castration: Removal or destruction of the sex glands. The term is usually used in reference to the testicles, but it also can apply to the ovaries.
- Cat cry syndrome
Cat cry syndrome: A disorder caused by the loss of part of the short (p) arm from chromosome 5. Also called the cri du chat (or cri-du-chat) syndrome. The cat cry syndrome is one of the most common human deletion syndromes with an incidence varying between 1 in 20,000 to 1 in 50,000 births. The […]
- Cat eye syndrome
Cat eye syndrome: A constitutional chromosome abnormality (one that is present at or before birth) with multiple malformations characterized by the combination of a cat-like slit of the iris of the eye (vertical coloboma) and no anal opening (anal atresia). Frequently there are also down slanting eye slits (palpebral fissures), tissue tags or pits just […]