Center, trauma: A specialized facility in a hospital that is designed to provide diagnostic and treatment services for trauma patients with physical injuries. Traumatology is the branch of surgery which deals with trauma patients.
“Trauma” is the Greek word for “a wound” (and also for “damage or defeat”).
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and investigating public health trends. The stated mission of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, commonly called the CDC, is “To promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability.” A part of the U.S. Public Health […]
Centigrade: A thermometer scale in which the freezing point of water at sea level is 0’C and the boiling point of water at sea level is 100’C. The Centigrade scale is used in most of the world to indicate the temperature on a thermometer, but the Fahrenheit scale is still popular in the US. This […]
- Centimeter (cm)
Centimeter (cm): A unit of measure in the metric system which is 1/100’th of a meter. There are 2.54 centimeters (cms) in one inch. The centimeter is commonly used in medicine to state the size of objects or distance between points. It may seem senseless to define a centimeter in a medical dictionary but in […]
- Centimorgan (cM)
Centimorgan (cM): A unit of measure of genetic recombination frequency. One cM is equal to a 1% chance that a marker at one genetic locus will be separated from a marker at another locus due to crossing over in a single generation. In humans, 1 cM is equivalent, on average, to 1 million base pairs. […]
Central: At or near the center. In anatomy and medicine (as elsewhere), central is the opposite of “peripheral” which means away from the center. The word “peripheral” comes from the Greek “peripheria” (“peri-“, around or about + “pherein”, to bear, carry). A central line is an infusion tube that is located in or near the […]