The term “stroke” reflects the belief among the ancient Greeks and Romans that someone suffering a stroke (or any sudden incapacity) had been struck down by the gods.
- Cerebrovascular disease
Cerebrovascular disease: Disease of the blood vessels and, especially, the arteries that supply the brain. Cerebrovascular disease is usually caused by atherosclerosis and can lead to a stroke. See also atherosclerosis, stroke.
- Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) prevention
In many cases, a person may have a transient ischemic attack (TIA), a neurological event with the symptoms of a stroke, but the symptoms go away within a short period of time. This is often caused by the narrowing or ulceration of the carotid arteries (the major arteries in the neck that supply blood to […]
- Cerebrovascular ferrocalcinosis
Cerebrovascular ferrocalcinosis: A condition, first described in 1930 by T. Fahr and therefore called Fahr syndrome, that is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of areas of the brain (including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex). Symptoms may include motor function deterioration, dementia, mental retardation, spastic paralysis, […]
Cerebrum: The largest part of the brain. It is divided into two hemispheres, or halves. The word “cerebrum” is the Latin word for “brain.” The Romans used the same word to refer to the “skull” (which houses the brain) and the “head” (which houses the skull). And in Rome “cerebrum” also meant “understanding” (and a […]
- Certified nurse-midwife
Certified nurse-midwife: A person with an AS, BS, or Master’s degree in nursing who has also completed specialized training in midwifery. In the US, certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) must earn certification from the American College of Nurse-Midwives.