The higher the HDL cholesterol level, the lower the risk of coronary artery disease.The average man has an HDL cholesterol level of 40 to 50 mg/dL. In the average woman, HDL levels range from 50 to 60 mg/dL. An HDL cholesterol of 60 mg/dL or higher gives some protection against heart disease. Regular aerobic exercise, loss of excess weight (fat), and cessation of cigarette smoking increase HDL cholesterol levels. When lifestyle modifications are insufficient, medications can be used.
- Cholesteryl ester transfer protein
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein: See: Cholesterol ester transfer protein.
Cholestin: One of the three major preparations of red yeast rice, a tradition Chinese medicine now used to lower cholesterol. Cholestin is also known as Hypocol.
- Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type)
Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type): See: Cartilage hair hypoplasia syndrome.
Chondrocalcinosis: Calcium deposition in cartilage. Chondrocalcinosis can be associated with degenerative arthritis, pseudogout, hemochromatosis, hyperparathyroidism, diabetes, hypomagnesemia, and Wilson’s disease.
- Chondroitin sulfate
Chondroitin sulfate: A glycosaminoglycan (formerly called a mucopolysaccharide) found in cartilage, bone, blood vessels and connective tissues. There are two forms: chondroitin sulfate A and chondroitin sulfate C. One or both types accumulate abnormally in several of the mucopolysaccharidosis disorders. Chondroitin sulfate B is now called dermatan sulfate.