Code, emergency: While there is no formal definition for a “Code,” doctors often use the term as slang to refer to a patient in cardiopulmonary arrest , requiring a team of providers (sometimes called a “code team”) to rush to the specific location and begin immediate resuscitative efforts.
The term “Code” derives from the practice at many institutions of using “Code” designations followed by colors (“Code blue”), numbers (“Code 10”) or other qualifying terms to alert personnel in the event of an emergency and to specify what type of emergency is occurring. (Code pink is often used to alert security that a baby is missing from the hospital nursery!)
There are no standard definitions or conventions for the use of “Code” designations, and each institution that uses a “Code” system can decide how to apply the system. For example, while “Code blue” refers to a cardiopulmonary arrest at many hospitals, it doesn’t necessarily mean the same thing everywhere. Other types of emergencies, (for example bomb threats, terrorist activity, child abductions, or mass casualties) may also be given “Code” designations.
- Code, hospital
Code, hospital: While there is no formal definition for a “Code,” doctors often use the term as slang to refer to a patient in cardiopulmonary arrest , requiring a team of providers (sometimes called a “code team”) to rush to the specific location and begin immediate resuscitative efforts. The term “Code” derives from the practice […]
- Coding DNA
Coding DNA: A sequence of DNA that codes for protein. Coding DNA sequences are separated by long regions of DNA called introns that have no apparent function. Coding DNA is also known as an exon.
Codon: A set of any three adjacent bases in DNA or RNA. There are 64 different codons, of which 61 specify the incorporation of an amino acid into a polypeptide chain; the remaining 3 are stop codons, which signal the ends of polypeptides.
- Coefficient of inbreeding
Coefficient of inbreeding: A measure of how close two people are genetically to each another. The coefficient of inbreeding, symbolized by the letter F, is the probability that a person with two identical genes received both genes from one ancestor. Take a first-cousin mating. First cousins share a set of grandparents. For any particular gene […]
Coenzyme: A substance that enhances the action of an enzyme. (An enzyme is a protein that functions as a catalyst to mediate and speed a chemical reaction). Coenzymes are small molecules. They cannot by themselves catalyze a reaction but they can help enzymes to do so. In technical terms, coenzymes are organic nonprotein molecules that […]