Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadly in medicine. Examples include nasal congestion (excess mucus and secretions in the air passages of the nose) seen with a common cold and congestion of blood in the lower extremities seen with some types of heart failure.
- Congestive heart failure
Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it, with failure of the heart to pump blood with normal efficiency. When this occurs, the heart is unable to provide adequate blood flow to other organs, such as the brain, liver, and kidneys. Abbreviated CHF. CHF may be due to failure of the […]
Conization: Surgery to remove a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix and cervical canal. Conization may be used to diagnose or treat a cervical condition. Also known as cone biopsy.
- Conjoined twin
Conjoined twin: Identical (monozygotic) twins that did not separate fully from one another but are still partially united. Due to the incomplete division of one fertilized ovum. Conjoined twins are popularly known as Siamese twins after Chang and Eng (1811-1874), the celebrated conjoined Chinese twins born in Siam (Thailand). Conjoin comes via French from the […]
- Conjugated linoleic acid
Conjugated linoleic acid: (CLA) A supplement that has been promoted as an aid to weight loss and muscle building and as a deterrent to heart disease, diabetes and cancer. CLA is an unsaturated fatty acid in the milk and meat of cows, sheep and goats. CLA occurs in about 20 different chemical configurations called isomers, […]
Conjunctiva: A thin, clear, moist membrane that coats the inner surfaces of the eyelids (palpebral conjunctiva) and the outer surface of the eye (ocular, or bulbar, conjunctiva). Inflammation of the conjunctiva is called conjunctivitis (pinkeye).