the glucocorticoids, which are produced in reaction to stress and also help in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins; and the mineralocorticoids, which regulate the balance of salt and water within the body.
- Corticosteroid allergy
Corticosteroid allergy: A delayed allergic reaction to corticosteroid (drugs similar to cortisone). This occurs in 1-4% of people who use corticosteroids for asthma or other allergic diseases. A positive patch test to a corticosteroid means the patient cannot use that particular steroid. Although cross allergy between corticosteroids is common, such patients usually can tolerate another […]
- Corticotropin-releasing hormone
Corticotropin-releasing hormone: A hormone made by the hypothalamus that stimulates the release of corticotropin by the anterior pituitary gland. Corticotropin-releasing hormone is abbreviated and often referred to as CRH. CRH is chemically classed as a neuropeptide hormone — a protein-like molecule made up of a short chain of amino acids produced in the brain that […]
Cortisol: A metabolite of the primary stress hormone cortisone. Cortisol is an essential factor in the proper metabolism of starches, and it is the major natural glucocorticoid (GC) in humans.
Cosmid: DNA from a bacterial virus into which is spliced a small fragment of a genome to be amplified and sequenced. A cosmid is an artificially constructed structure. It is used in cloning (copying) pieces of DNA. (On a technical level, a cosmid contains the cos gene of phage lambda and can be packaged in […]
- Costal margin
Costal margin: The lower edge of the chest (thorax), formed by the bottom edge of the rib cage.