Coumadin, teratogenicity of: The anticoagulant (“blood- thinner”) Coumadin is a known teratogen, an agent that can disturb the development of the embryo and fetus and lead to birth defects..
Coumadin taken by a woman during pregnancy can cause bleeding into the baby’s brain (cerebral hemorrhage), underdevelopment (hypoplasia) of the baby’s nose and stippling of the ends (the epiphyses) of the baby’s long bones.
Coumadin is a brand name of warfarin.
- Counseling, genetic
Counseling, genetic: An educational counseling process for individuals and families who have a genetic disease or may be at risk for a disease to facilitate informed decision-making.
- Counselor, genetic
Counselor, genetic: A health professional with a specialized graduate degree and experience in the areas of medical genetics and counseling. Genetic counselors enter the field from a variety of disciplines, including biology, genetics, nursing, psychology, public health and social work. Genetic counselors work as members of a health care team, providing information and support to […]
- Count, platelet
Count, platelet: The calculated number of platelets in a volume of blood, usually expressed as platelets per cubic millimeter (cmm) of whole blood. Platelets are the smallest cell-like structures in the blood and are important for blood clotting and plugging damaged blood vessels. Platelet counts are usually done by laboratory machines that also count other […]
Counterpulsation: A technique that synchronizes the external pumping of blood with the heart’s cycle to assist the circulation and decreasing the work of the heart. Counterpulsation pumps when the heart is resting to increase blood flow and oxygen to the heart. Counterpulsation stops pumping when the heart is working to decrease the heart’s workload and […]
- Cousin marriage
Cousin marriage: Marriage involving cousins. Everyone carries rare recessive alleles, rare genes that are generally innocuous in the heterozygous state but that in the company of another gene of the same type are capable of causing an autosomal recessive disease. We are all reservoirs for genetic disease. First cousins, as noted, share a set of […]