Counterpulsation: A technique that synchronizes the external pumping of blood with the heart’s cycle to assist the circulation and decreasing the work of the heart. Counterpulsation pumps when the heart is resting to increase blood flow and oxygen to the heart. Counterpulsation stops pumping when the heart is working to decrease the heart’s workload and lessen oxygen demand. See: Enhanced external counterpulsation.
- Cousin marriage
Cousin marriage: Marriage involving cousins. Everyone carries rare recessive alleles, rare genes that are generally innocuous in the heterozygous state but that in the company of another gene of the same type are capable of causing an autosomal recessive disease. We are all reservoirs for genetic disease. First cousins, as noted, share a set of […]
Courier: In the drug trade, someone who internally conceals and transports an illicit drug. Also called a body packer. See: Body packer.
- Cow milk allergy
Cow milk allergy: Casein and whey are the two major proteins of human milk and most milk-based formulas. Some (less than 8% of) infants have a true allergy to the cow proteins that are in milk-based formulas. Infants with true cow milk allergy can develop abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, skin rash, and wheezing when […]
- Cowper's gland
Cowper’s gland: A tiny gland in the male, also known as the bulbourethral gland. Named after the English anatomist William Cowper (1666-1709). See: Bulbourethral gland.
Cowpox: A mild skin disease of milk cows, principally confined to the udder and teats, that can be contracted by people from milking an infected cow. Affected people develop vesicles (blebs), which break and form ulcers on the fingers (sometimes called ‘milkers’ nodules’). These usually heal without scarring.