Cox-2: Cyclooxygenase-2, an enzyme that acts to speed up the production of certain chemical messengers, called prostaglandins that play a key role in in promoting inflammation. When cox-2 activity is blocked, inflammation is reduced. Unlike cox-1, cox-2 is active only at the site of inflammation, not in the stomach.
- Cox-2 inhibitor
Cox-2 inhibitor: An antiinflammatory drug that selectively blocks the cox-2 enzyme. Blocking this enzyme impedes the production of the chemical messengers that cause the pain and swelling of arthritis inflammation. Cox-2 inhibitors do not pose as great a risk of injuring the stomach or intestines as drugs that block cox-1. An example of a cox-2 […]
- Coxa valga
Coxa valga: Outward curvature of the hip. Malformation of the hip at birth, such as coxa valga, can increase one’s risk for development of osteoarthritis of the hip in later life
- Coxa vara
Coxa vara: Inward curvature of the hip. Malformation of the hip at birth, such as coxa vara, can increase one’s risk for development of osteoarthritis of the hip in later life.
- Coxsackie virus
Coxsackievirus: A family of enteroviruses first found in the town Coxsackie, south of Albany, New York. The Coxsackieviruses are separable into two groups: A and B. Type A viruses cause herpangina (sores in the throat) and hand, foot, and mouth disease. Type B viruses cause epidemic pleurodynia. Both types A and B viruses can cause […]