Coxa vara: Inward curvature of the hip. Malformation of the hip at birth, such as coxa vara, can increase one’s risk for development of osteoarthritis of the hip in later life.
- Coxsackie virus
Coxsackievirus: A family of enteroviruses first found in the town Coxsackie, south of Albany, New York. The Coxsackieviruses are separable into two groups: A and B. Type A viruses cause herpangina (sores in the throat) and hand, foot, and mouth disease. Type B viruses cause epidemic pleurodynia. Both types A and B viruses can cause […]
Consultant: An individual to whom one refers for expert advice or services. The use of consultants is common in medicine. For example, a man with puzzling pains in the joints of the hands and feet may be referred to a rheumatologist who acts as a consultant to help illuminate the nature of the pain. For […]
- Constrictive pericarditis
Constrictive pericarditis: Scarring of the pericardial sac. This limits the ability of the heart to function because it cannot expand enough to collect blood and pump it to the lungs and then back to the body. Bleeding into the pericardium from trauma or from a heart operation is the most common cause of constrictive pericarditis, […]
CpG: In genetics, a site where cytosine (C) lies next to guanine (G) in the DNA sequence. (The p indicates that C and G are connected by a phosphodiester bond.) Methylation of DNA occurs at any CpG site.