Cretinism: Congenital hypothyroidism (underactivity of the thyroid gland at birth), which results in growth retardation, developmental delay, and other abnormal features. Cretinism can be due to deficiency of iodine in the mother’s diet during pregnancy.
- CREST syndrome
CREST syndrome: A limited form of scleroderma, a disease of connective tissue that involves the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the skin and sometimes also in other organs of the body. ‘CREST’ is an acronym for Calcinosis (the formation of tiny deposits of calcium in the skin), Raynaud’s phenomenon (spasm of the tiny artery […]
- Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
There is currently no single diagnostic test for CJD. When CJD is suspected, the first concern is to rule out treatable forms of dementia such as encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or chronic meningitis. A neurological examination and spinal tap are often performed to rule out more common causes of dementia. An electroencephalogram (EEG) to […]
- Crib death
Crib death: The sudden and unexpected death of a baby with no known illness, typically affecting infants from 2 weeks to 6 months of age while sleeping. Crib death is now called Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Babies at an increased risk for SIDS include those with a brother or sister who died of SIDS; […]
Crick: 1. A painful sudden spasmodic stiffness in the muscles of the neck or back. 2. Francis Crick who, with James Watson, devised the Watson-Crick model of DNA as a double helix. See: Crick, Francis.
- Crick, Francis
Crick, Francis: British biologist (1916-2004) who shared the 1962 Nobel prize in Medicine and Physiology with James Watson and Maurice Wilkins for “discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material.” The discovery of the structure of DNA as a double helix by Watson and Crick (with […]