cyto (combining form): A combining form denoting a cell. Derived from the Greek “kytos” meaning “hollow, as a cell or container.” From the same root come the prefix “cyto-” and the suffix “-cyte” which similarly denote a cell.
Cyto-, -cyto- and -cyte enter into many words and terms used in medicine, including adipocyte, agranulocytosis, cytogenetics, cytokine, cytomegalovirus, cytometry, cytoplasm, cytotoxic, elliptocytosis erythrocyte, granulocyte, histiocyte, leukocyte, lymphocyte, lymphocytosis, macrocyte, megakaryocyte, melanocyte, monocyte, oocyte, pancytopenia, phagocyte, spherocytosis, thrombocyte, and thrombocytopenia.
Cyto-: Prefix denoting a cell. “Cyto-” is derived from the Greek “kytos” meaning “hollow, as a cell or container.” From the same root come the combining form “-cyto-” and the suffix “-cyte” which similarly denote a cell. Cyto-, -cyto- and -cyte enter into many words and terms used in medicine, including adipocyte, agranulocytosis, cytogenetics, cytokine, […]
- Cytogenetic map
Cytogenetic map: A genetic term referring to the visual appearance of a chromosome when stained and examined under a microscope. Particularly important are visually distinct regions, called light and dark bands, which give each of the chromosomes a unique appearance. This feature allows a person’s chromosomes to be studied in a clinical test known as […]
Cytogenetics: The study of chromosomes, which are the visible carriers of the hereditary material. Cytogenetics is a fusion science, joining cytology (the study of cells) with genetics (the study of inherited variation).
- Cytogenetics, clinical
Cytogenetics, clinical: The application of chromosome analysis to clinical medicine. For example, clinical cytogenetic testing is done to look for an extra chromosome 21 in a child who is suspected of having Down syndrome.
Cytokine: A small protein released by cells that has a specific effect on the interactions between cells, on communications between cells or on the behavior of cells. The cytokines includes the interleukins, lymphokines and cell signal molecules, such as tumor necrosis factor and the interferons, which trigger inflammation and respond to infections.