Disease, Binswanger: A form of dementia with blood vessel abnormalities in the deep white-matter of the brain causing loss of memory, decreasing cognition, and mood changes. Patients usually show signs of abnormal blood pressure (too high or too low), stroke, blood abnormalities, disease of the large blood vessels in the neck, and disease of the heart valves. Other prominent features of the disease include urinary incontinence, difficulty walking, tremors similar to Parkinson’s disease, and depression. Seizures may also occur.
These signs and symptoms tend to begin after the age of 60, are not always present and may appear only in passing.
There is no specific treatment for Binswanger disease. Treatment is symptomatic, often involving the use of medications to control high blood pressure, depression, heart arrhythmias and low blood pressure.
Binswanger disease is a slowly progressive condition. There is currently no cure. The disorder is often marked by strokes and partial recovery. Patients with this disorder usually die within 5 years of its onset.
- Disease, Bornholm
Disease, Bornholm: Bornholm disease is a temporary illness that is a result of virus infection. The disease features fever and intense abdominal and chest pains with headache. The chest pain is typically worsened by breathing or coughing. The illness usually lasts from 3 to 14 days. The most common virus causing Bornholm disease is an […]
- Disease, Bowen's
Disease, Bowen’s: An early stage of skin cancer. Bowen disease is medically the same as “squamous cell carcinoma in situ.” Squamous cell carcinoma is a tumor that develops from the squamous cells which are flat, scale-like cells in the outer layer of the skin (the epithelium). The term “in situ” (borrowed from the Romans) means […]
- Disease, Bright's
Disease, Bright’s: Chronic inflammation of the blood vessels in the kidney with protein, specifically albumin, in the urine. There are a number of disorders that lead to Bright’s disease. With nothing more sophisticated than a candle and a silver spoon, the English physician Richard Bright (1789-1858) discovered protein in urine and in 1827 published his […]
- Disease, Brill-Zinsser
Disease, Brill-Zinsser: Recrudescence of epidemic typhus years after the initial attack. The agent that causes epidemic typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii) remains viable for many years and then when host defenses are down, it is reactivated causing recurrent typhus. The disease is named for the physician Nathan Brill and the great bacteriologist Hans Zinsser.
- Disease, Canavan
Disease, Canavan: A severe progressive inherited (genetic) disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). The signs of Canavan disease usually appear when the children are between 3 and 6 months of age. They include developmental delay (significant motor slowness), enlargement of the head (macrocephaly), loss of muscle tone (hypotonia), poor head control, and severe feeding […]