Disease, hydroxyapatite crystal: The inflammation caused by hydroxyapatite crystals has been referred to as hydroxyapatite crystal disease.
Hydroxyapatite is a major component and an essential ingredient of normal bone and teeth, makes up bone mineral and the matrix of teeth, and gives bones and teeth their rigidity.
Hydroxyapatite molecules can group together (crystalize) to form microscopic clumps. If these tiny crystals of hydroxyapatite are deposited by mistake in or around joints, they may cause inflammation of the joints and nearby tissues such as the tendons and ligaments (particularly causing rotator cuff problems in the shoulder) and this is hydroxyapatite crystal disease.
- Disease, inflammatory bowel
Disease, inflammatory bowel: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by inflammation of the bowel — the large or small intestine. The most common types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease. Crohn disease favors the ileum (the lower part of the small intestine) but can occur anywhere along the intestinal […]
- Disease, Jakob's
Disease, Jakob’s: Better known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), a dementing disease of the brain. It is believed due to an unconventional, transmissible agent (a prion). Symptoms of CJD include forgetfulness, nervousness, jerky trembling hand movements, unsteady gait, muscle spasms, chronic dementia, balance disorder, and loss of facial expression. CJD is classified as a spongiform encephalopathy. […]
- Disease, Jakob-Creutzfeldt
Disease, Jakob-Creutzfeldt: A transmissible degenerative brain disorder technically termed spongiform encephalopathy. Eating “mad cow” meat or squirrel brain can lead to Jakob-Creutzfeldt-like disease. Better known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). A dementing disease of the brain, believed due to an unconventional, transmissible agent (a prion). Symptoms of CJD include forgetfulness, nervousness, jerky trembling hand movements, unsteady […]
- Disease, Kawasaki
Disease, Kawasaki: A syndrome of unknown origin, mainly affecting young children, causing fever, reddening of the eyes (conjunctivitis), lips and mucous membranes of the mouth, ulcerative gum disease (gingivitis), swollen glands in the neck (cervical lymphadenopathy), and a rash that is raised and bright red (maculoerythematous) in a glove-and-sock fashion over the skin of the […]
- Disease, Kikuchi
Disease, Kikuchi: A disorder that typically causes “swollen glands” in the neck (cervical lymphadeniopathy) together with fever or flu-like symptoms. Laboratory test abnormalities include elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and white blood count abnormalities (low neutrophil count and elevated lymphocyte count with atypical lymphocytes in the peripheral blood). Kikuchi disease is fairly common in young […]