Domagk, Gerhard: German physician and chemist (1895-1946) who discovered the first sulfa drug, prontosil, which ushered in the era of antibacterial medicine.
For more information, see Prontosil.
Domain: In biomedicine, a discrete portion of a protein that has its own function. The combination of domains in a single protein determines the overall function of the protein.
Dominant: A genetic trait is considered dominant if it is expressed in a person who has only one copy of that gene. (In genetic terms, a dominant trait is one that is phenotypically expressed in heterozygotes). A dominant trait is opposed to a recessive trait which is expressed only when two copies of the gene […]
Donor: The giver of a tissue or an organ, such as a blood donor or kidney donor.
- Donor insemination
Donor insemination: A procedure in which a fine catheter (tube) is inserted through the cervix (the natural opening of the uterus) into the uterus (the womb) to deposit a sperm sample from a man other than the woman’s mate directly into the uterus. The purpose of this procedure is to achieve fertilization and pregnancy. Donor […]
- Donor lymphocyte infusion
Donor lymphocyte infusion: (DLI) A cancer treatment in which lymphocytes from a bone marrow donor are infused into the person who received the original bone marrow transplant. The goal of donor lymphocyte infusion is to induce a remission of the cancer by a process called the graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect. Donor lymphocyte infusion is basically meant […]