Someone who voluntarily helps someone else who is in distress.
The term “Good Samaritan” comes from the parable of the Good Samaritan related in the Book of Luke in the New Testament of the Bible. The parable tells of a Samaritan (a resident of Samaria) who stopped to help a man who had been injured and robbed, while others passed him by.
A number of hospitals and medical centers bear the name “Good Samaritan.” See also Good Samaritan law.
- Good Samaritan law
A law designed to protect a Good Samaritan from legal liability. Such laws usually specify that whoever in good faith provides emergency (and sometimes non-emergency) medical services shall not be civilly liable unless their acts constitute wanton misconduct. See also Good Samaritan.
- Good-for-you bacteria
Bacteria that are good for health. Lactobacillus acidophilus are a type of good-for-you bacteria. The term is an informal one for probiotic.
- Goodman syndrome
A genetic syndrome characterized by acrocephalosyndactyly — birth defects involving the head and face and the fingers. The craniofacial features are essentially those of acrocephaly while the finger abnormalities include polydactyly (extra fingers), syndactyly (fusion of the fingers), clinodactyly, and ulnar deviation (with the fingers deviated laterally, toward the ulnar bone). The syndrome is inherited […]
- Goodpasture syndrome
An autoimmune disease characterized by a combination of lung and kidney disease. Hallmarks of the disease are pulmonary hemorrhage (bleeding in the lungs) and glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the glomerulus) due to severe inflammation in the basement membranes of the alveolus of the lung and the glomerulus in the kidney, with the formation of antibodies to […]
A temporary local change in the skin when it becomes rougher due to erection of little muscles, as from cold, fear, or excitement. The chain of events leading to this skin change starts with a stimulus such as cold or fear. That stimulus causes a nerve discharge from the sympathetic nervous system, a portion of […]