Also called a herniorrhaphy, a surgical repair of a hernia. Hernia repair may be done under local or general anesthesia using a conventional incision or a laparoscope.
The alternative term “herniorrhaphy” comes from hernio-, referring to a hernia + the Greek rhaphe, a seam = putting a seam (or suture) in a hernia.
- Hernia, diaphragmatic
Passage of a loop of bowel through the diaphragm muscle. This type of hernia occurs as the bowel from the abdomen “herniates” upward through the diaphragm into the chest (thoracic) cavity. Diaphragmatic hernias may be congenital or acquired. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are present at birth. They occur because of abnormal development of the embryo. Acquired […]
- Hernia, hiatus
Protrusion of the stomach up into the opening normally occupied by the esophagus in the diaphragm, the great dome of muscle that separates the thoracic (chest) cavity from the abdomen. Normally, the esophagus passes down through the chest, crosses the diaphragm, enters the abdomen through a hole in the diaphragm called the esophageal hiatus and […]
- Hernia, Velpeau
A protrusion of tissue in front of the femoral blood vessels in the groin. Treatment is via ‘surgery.
- Herniated disc
Rupturing of the tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column. The center of the disc, which is called the nucleus, is soft, springy and receives the shock of standing, walking, running, etc. The outer ring of the disc, which is called the annulus (Latin for ring), provides structure and strength to the […]
Abnormal protrusion of tissue through an opening.