Elevation of the bilirubin level in the blood of the newborn, which results in yellowish staining of the skin and whites of the newborn’s eyes (sclerae) by pigment of bile (bilirubin). In newborn babies a degree of jaundice is normal. It is due to the breakdown of red blood cells (which release bilirubin into the blood) and to the immaturity of the newborn’s liver (which cannot effectively metabolize the bilirubin and prepare it for excretion into the urine). Normal neonatal jaundice typically appears between the 2nd and 5th days of life and clears with time.
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is also referred to as neonatal jaundice and physiologic jaundice of the newborn.
A higher-than-normal level of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia can be a result of malignancy, elevated parathyroid gland activity (hyperparathyroidism), or other conditions. It can cause a number of nonspecific symptoms, including loss of appetite, nausea, thirst, fatigue, muscle weakness, restlessness, and confusion. An elevated level of calcium may cause muscle weakness and constipation, affect […]
Excess calcium in the urine.
A greater than normal level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
More than the normal level of carbon dioxide in the blood. Hypercarbia is the opposite of hypocarbia.
Elevations in chloride may be seen in diarrhea, certain kidney diseases, and sometimes in overactivity of the parathyroid glands. The normal serum range for chloride is 98 – 108 mmol/L.