Elevations in chloride may be seen in diarrhea, certain kidney diseases, and sometimes in overactivity of the parathyroid glands.
The normal serum range for chloride is 98 – 108 mmol/L.
High blood cholesterol. This can be sporadic (occurring with no family history) or familial. Hypercholesterolemia is one form of hyperlipidemia. Familial hypercholesterolemia is the most common inherited type of hyperlipidemia (high fat or lipid levels in blood). It predisposes to premature arteriosclerosis including coronary artery disease with heart attacks at an unusually young age. About […]
- Hypercoagulability, estrogen-associated
CLIMARA (estradiol) ESTRACE (estradiol) ESTRADERM (estradiol) ESTRATAB (esterified estrogens) ESTRATEST (esterified estrogens and methyltestosterone) MENEST (esterified estrogens) OGEN (estropipate) PREMARIN (estrogens conjugated) PREMPHASE (estrogens conjugated and medroxyprogesterone) PREMPRO (estrogens conjugated and medroxyprogesterone) Cigarette smokers on estrogen therapy are at a higher risk than non-smokers for blood clots. Therefore, patients requiring estrogen therapy are strongly encouraged […]
- Hypercoagulable state
A hypercoagulable state is the medical term for a condition in which there is an abnormally increased tendency toward blood clotting (coagulation). There are numerous hypercoagulable states. Each has different causes and each increases a person’s chances of developing blood clots such as those associated with thrombophlebitis (clot in the veins). Causes of hypercoagulable states […]
More conscious than usual. Extremely aware. People became hyperconscious of Parkinson disease after the actor Michael J. Fox developed it at a relatively young age.
MedscapeReference.com. Head and Neck Embryology.