1906-1910) showed that college students who live on campus have triple the risk of acquiring meningococcal infection compared with their peers who live off-campus. Among the factors cited for a higher risk of the disease on campus were the relative crowding associated with dormitory residence, alcohol-related behaviors, and exposure to tobacco smoke. The same factors make young adults who are military recruits at higher risk for meningococcal meningitis and provide the basis for recommendations that they, too, receive the vaccine.
- Immunization, MMR
The standard vaccine given to prevent measles, mumps and rubella (German measles). See childhood vaccination schedule.
- Immunization, pneumococcal
1) the indications for which PPSV23 vaccination is recommended now include smoking and asthma, and 2) routine use of PPSV23 is no longer recommended for Alaska Natives or American Indians aged
- Immunization, polio
oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). OPV was formerly recommended for children in the U.S. but was shown to actually cause polio in extremely rare cases and is no longer recommended. IPV is given as a shot in the arm or leg.
- Immunization, serum hepatitis
See Immunization, hepatitis B.
- Immunization, Td
Td is the vaccine given to children over six and adults as boosters for immunity to diphtheria and tetanus.