In biotechnology. an apparatus in which environmental conditions can be set and controlled.
Incubators are used in microbiology for culturing (growing) bacteria and other microorganisms. Incubators in tissue culture rooms are used for culturing stem cells, lymphocytes, skin fibroblasts and other types of cells. And in the hospital nursery and newborn intensive care unit (NICU), incubators serve to house and maintain premature and ill infants.
Incubators were developed for infants in France as early as 1857. The first one in the US was built by Dr. William Champion Deming at the State Emigrant Hospital, Ward’s Island, New York. The “hatching cradle” was first occupied on September 7, 1888 by Edith Eleanor McLean, birth weight 2 pounds, 7 ounces.
Not amenable to a cure. Incapable of being cured, healed and made well again. From the word cure, from the Latin cura meaning care, concern or attention.
One of the three tiny bones in the middle ear. Sound impulses coming from the eardrum are conveyed from the malleus to the incus and from the incus to the stapes at the oval window to the inner ear. Incus is Latin for anvil.
- Index case
A person who first draws attention to his or her family because of having a medical condition. For example, if an eye doctor discovers a person has glaucoma, and subsequently other cases of glaucoma are found in the person’s family, that person is the index case. Also known as propositus (if male) or proposita (if […]
- Index, body mass (BMI)
An index that relates body weight to height. The body mass index (BMI) is obtained by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms (kg) by their height in meters (m) squared. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) now defines normal weight, overweight, and obesity according to the BMI rather than the traditional height/weight charts. Since the […]
- Indian Health Service (IHS)
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