Cancer of the lung which is not of the small cell carcinoma (oat cell carcinoma) type. The term “non-small cell lung cancer” is generally applied to the various types of bronchogenic carcinomas (those arising from the lining of the bronchi) which include adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and large cell undifferentiated carcinoma.
The distinction between small cell and non-small cell cancer is important for proper treatment. Surgery is the treatment of choice for the early stage of non-small-cell lung cancer.
- Lung cancer, small cell
A type of lung cancer in which the cells are small and round. Also called oat cell lung cancer.
- Lung reduction surgery
A surgical treatment for patients with advanced emphysema in which the volume of the emphysematous lung is reduced by wedge excision to allow the remaining tissue to expand more fully and restore some of the patient’s breathing capacity. Also called reduction pneumoplasty or bilateral pneumectomy. When this surgery is successful, there is improvement in lung […]
- Lung transplant
The first lung transplant was done by the American surgeon James Hardy (1918-) in 1964.
- Lung, and Blood Institute, National Heart,
One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., the NHLBI’s mission is to “provide leadership for a national research program in diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, and blood and in transfusion medicine through support of innovative basic, clinical, and population-based and health education research.”
- Lung, collapsed
Failure of full expansion of a once fully expanded lung. Medically called atelectasis. The word comes from the Greek “a-” (without) “telos” (complete) + “rectasis” (expansion) = without complete expansion.