Lithium, the first mood-stabilizing medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of mania, is often very effective in controlling mania and preventing the recurrence of both manic and depressive episodes.
Anticonvulsant medications, mostly valproate (Depakote), lamotrigine (Lamictal), topiramate (Topamax) or carbamazepine (Tegretol), also are widely used as mood stabilizers. Valproate was FDA-approved in 1995 for treatment of mania.
As an addition to medication, psychosocial treatments — including certain forms of psychotherapy (or “talk” therapy) — are helpful in providing support, education, and guidance to people with bipolar disorder and their families. Studies have shown that psychosocial interventions can lead to increased mood stability, fewer hospitalizations, and improved functioning in several areas. Psychosocial interventions commonly used for bipolar disorder are cognitive behavioral therapy, psych education, family therapy, and a newer technique, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy.
- Manicheel tree
A dangerous tropical tree whose sap is highly poisonous and corrosive. The sap comes out when a leaf is crushed, a branch broken, or the fruit of the tree eaten. The manicheel is hazardous to stand under for shelter from the heat of the tropical sun or, worse, the rain. The leaves of the manicheel […]
The measurement of pressure using a device called a manometer. Esophageal manometry is done to measure muscle pressure and movements in the esophagus in the evaluation of achalasia. Anal manometry, the measurement of the pressure generated by the anal sphincter, is used to evaluate anal incompetence and fecal incontinence. A blood pressure cuff is a […]
A term that has been used to refer to anorexia nervosa in males. This is not an officially recognized medical term but has been frequently used in media reports. See also anorexia nervosa.
- Mansfield, Peter
British scientist (1933-) who shared the 2003 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with the American scientist Paul C. Lauterbur for discoveries concerning “magnetic resonance imaging.” (Magnetic resonance imaging is better known perhaps as MRI). Mansfield did his research principally at the University of Nottingham. Sir Peter Mansfield developed the utilization of gradients in the […]
- M. intercellulare