Facial pigmentation (eye brows, cheeks) that occurs in about half of women during pregnancy. The pigmented area darkens with sun exposure. Also referred to as melasma.
- Pregnancy, pernicious vomiting of
Medically known as hyperemesis gravidarum, this is excessive vomiting in early pregnancy. By definition, hyperemesis gravidarum, leads to the loss of 5% or more of the body weight of the woman. Hyperemesis gravidarum affects about one in every 300 pregnant women. It is more common in young women, in first pregnancies and in women with […]
- Pregnancy, tubal
An ectopic pregnancy that takes place in the Fallopian tube. Tubal pregnancies are due to the inability of the fertilized egg to make its way through the Fallopian tube into the uterus. Most tubal pregnancies occur in women 35 to 44 years of age. Tubal pregnancies account for 95 percent of all ectopic pregnancies. See […]
- Pregnancy-associated malaria
A specific syndrome that occurs only in pregnant women and that is characterized by the accumulation in the placenta of red blood cells containing the malarial parasite. Pregnancy-associated malaria causes low birthweight and maternal anemia. Therefore, it is associated with substantial rates of morbidity (disease) and mortality (death) for both the mother and baby.
- Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A
Abbreviated as PAPPA or PAPP-A. A large zinc-binding protein that acts as an enzyme, specifically a metallopeptidase. The gene for PAPPA is in chromosome band 9q33.1. PAPPA has been used in prenatal genetic screening and studies of atherosclerosis. Women with low blood levels of PAPPA at 8 to 14 weeks of gestation have an increased […]
The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body. The word “pregnant” comes from the Latin pre- meaning before + (g)natus meaning birth = before (giving) birth. The word “prenatal” has exactly the same origin.