The public display of grief. This may take many forms ranging from the very formal to the very informal, from stately funeral ceremonies designed to evoke a sense of meaning beyond the ephemeral to spontaneous shrines where people leave flowers, flags and personal mementos for the dead.
The public display of grief has waxed and waned in history. The Victorians in the 19th century mourned extravagantly in public. In reaction, extreme displays of grief were avoided for most of the 20th century. Then toward the end of the 20th century, public mourning returned with the death of celebrities and public figures such as Princess Diana.
Public mourning may be for someone whom the mourners knew personally or for a total stranger. The public expression of mourning for strangers may paradoxically be easier than for a family member. But none of this is new.
In the “Consolation to His Wife,” Plutarch (circa 45 – 125 AD) equated extreme expressions of grief with bacchic celebrations and told his wife that “…the insatiable yearning for lamentation which leads to wailing and beating of the breast is no less shameful than unbridled voluptuousness….”
- PUBS (percutaneous umbilical blood sampling)
In percutaneous umbilical blood sampling, a needle is inserted through the mother’s abdominal wall and uterine wall. Blood can be withdrawn from the umbilical vein at the point where the umbilical cord inserts (goes) into the placenta. Blood may also be taken from the umbilical vein on its way to the fetal liver. percutaneous umbilical […]
- Puerperal fever
“Puerperal fever is caused by conveyance to the pregnant woman of putrid particles derived from living organisms, through the agency of the examining fingers……. Consequently must I make my confession that God only knows the number of women whom I have consigned prematurely to the grave.”
The time immediately after the delivery of a baby. (In Latin a “puerpera” is a woman in childbirth since “puer” means child and “parere” means to give birth.) Puerperal fever is childbirth (or childbed) fever due to an infection usually of the placental site within the uterus. If that infection involves the bloodstream, it constitutes […]
Having to do with the lungs.
- Pulmonary acinus
The ending of a tiny airway in the lung, where the alveoli (air sacs) are located. In anatomy, an acinus is a round cluster of cells, usually epithelial cells, that looks somewhat like a knobby berry. The word “acinus” means “berry” in Latin. (The plural is “acini”.) There are also acini, round clusters of epithelial […]