Sunburn is an inflammation of the skin that develops in response to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or from tanning beds and booths that emit UV radiation. Sunburn is manifested by reddened, painful skin that may develop blisters.
Sunburn early in life increases one’s risk of developing skin cancers later in life such as melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Sunburn can also lead to premature wrinkling of the skin. Sunburn can be prevented by limitation of sun exposure and use of sunscreen products. Sunscreens with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30 are recommended for most people.
also known as Sundown Syndrome, a term used to refer to behavioral changes that often occur in the late afternoon or evening in people with Alzheimer’s disease and similar conditions. The behavioral changes make take the form of aggression, agitation, delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, increased disorientation, or wandering and pacing about. Experts are not sure why […]
A substance that blocks the effect of the sun’s harmful rays. Using lotions that contain sunscreens can reduce the risk of skin cancer, including melanoma.
- Super spreader
A highly infectious person who spreads the agent of an infectious disease to many other people. The historic prototype of the super spreader was Typhoid Mary. The term has also been applied to some persons with SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) who seemed to have inadvertently spread SARS to an unusually large number of other […]
This was a popular term for the next generation of analgesics. They were drugs that had the multiple positive effects of aspirin, but not have the negative effects such as intestinal bleeding. Aspirin binds and inhibits two isoforms of the enzyme Cyclooxygenase, COX-1 and COX-2. Super aspirins bind and inhibit COX-2 only. Cox-2 inhibitors (refecoxib […]
An informal term for a bacterium that has become resistant to antibiotics usually used to treat it, as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or any multiresistant bacterium. “A drug-resistant superbug that spreads by skin contact is infecting thousands of people across the US and may now have reached Europe.” (New Scientist March 5, 2003)