Barlow syndrome is mitral valve prolapse (also known as “click murmur syndrome”), the most common heart valve abnormality, affecting 5%-10% of the world population. Most patients have no symptoms and require no treatment. However, the condition can be associated with fatigue and/or palpitations. The mitral valve prolapse can often be detected by a doctor during examination of the heart and can be confirmed with an echocardiogram. .
- Syndrome, battered child
an infant’s inconsolable crying, feeding difficulties, a toddler’s failed toilet training, and exaggerated parental perceptions of acts of “disobedience” by the child. Children can be neglected and abused by parents, other caregivers, or society. Child abuse should be reported, investigated and evaluated. The treatment and prevention of child abuse include a support group structure coupled […]
- Syndrome, Bernard
A complex of abnormal findings, namely sinking in of one eyeball, ipsilateral ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid on the same side) and miosis (constriction of the pupil of that eye) together with anhidrosis (lack of sweating) and flushing of the affected side of the face. Due to paralysis of certain nerves (specifically, the cervical […]
- Syndrome, Bernard-Soulier
Jean Bernard (1907-) and Jean-Pierre Soulier (1915-). (Because the disease is named not for one man whose name was Bernard Soulier but for these two men, there should be a hyphen in the Bernard-Soulier syndrome).
- Syndrome, Bloch-Sulzberger
Also known as incontinentia pigmenti (IP). A genetic disease with blisters that develop soon after birth on the trunk and limbs, then heal, but leave dark (hyperpigmented) streaks and marble-like whorls on the skin. (The name came from the erroneous idea that the skin cells were incontinent of pigment and could not contain it normally.) […]
- Syndrome, Boerhaave's
Spontaneous tearing and rupture of the esophagus. Typically, Boerhaave’s syndrome requires an operation for repair.