Overproduction of the hormone aldosterone (pronounced al-do-ster-one) by a tumor that contains tissue resembling that normally present in the outer portion (cortex) of the adrenal gland. The excess aldosterone results in a potassium level (hypokalemia), underacidity of the body (alkalosis), muscle weakness, excessive thirst (polydipsia), excessive urination (polyuria), and high blood pressure (hypertension).
Also called primary aldosteronism or primary hyperaldosteronism. The syndrome is named after the American physician Jerome W. Conn (1907-1981) who almost singlehandedly defined the syndrome of aldosterone excess.
- Syndrome, contiguous gene
severe developmental delay or mental retardation, severe speech impairment, gait ataxia (wobbliness) and/or tremulousness of the limbs; and a unique behavior with an inappropriate happy demeanor that includes frequent laughing, smiling, and excitability. In addition, microcephaly (abnormally small head) and seizures are common.) In Angelman syndrome the genes that were lost prove always to have […]
- Syndrome, cracked tooth
A toothache caused by a broken tooth (tooth fracture) without associated cavity or advanced gum disease. Biting on the area of tooth fracture can cause severe sharp pains. These fractures are usually due to chewing or biting hard objects such as hard candies, pencils, nuts, etc. Cracked tooth syndrome is most common in molars and […]
- Syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jakob
Better known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). A dementing disease of the brain. It is believed due to an unconventional (not a bacteria or virus), transmissible agent called a prion. Symptoms of CJD include forgetfulness, nervousness, jerky trembling hand movements, unsteady gait, muscle spasms, chronic dementia, balance disorder, and loss of facial expression. CJD is classified […]
- Syndrome, Cushing
An abnormal growth of the pituitary gland, which can stimulate the adrenal gland; A benign or malignant growth within the adrenal gland itself, which produces cortisol; or Production within another part of the body (ectopic production) of a hormone that directly or indirectly stimulates the adrenal gland to make cortisol. The neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing (1869-1939) […]
- Syndrome, Danlos
50. A son with the gene is affected with the disease while a daughter with the gene is merely a carrier like her mother. Type VI EDS (the ocular-scoliotic form of EDS) is characterized by a fragile globe of the eyes, significant skin and joint laxity, and severe curvature of the spine (scoliosis). It is […]