A procedure whereby a sterile needle and syringe are used to drain joint fluid from the joint. This is usually done as an office procedure or at the bedside in the hospital. The skin over the joint is sterilized with a liquid. Local anesthetic is applied to the area of the joint either by injection or topical liquid freezing, or both. A needle with a syringe attached is inserted within the joint and fluid is sucked back (aspirated). For certain conditions medication is put into the joint after fluid removal. The needle is then removed and a bandaid or dressing is applied over the entry point.
Joint fluid is typically sent for examination to the lab to determine the cause of the joint swelling, such as infection, gout, and rheumatoid disease. Arthrocentesis can be helpful in relieving joint swelling and pain.
Occasionally, cortisone medications are injected into the joint during the arthrocentesis in order to rapidly relieve joint inflammation and further reduce symptoms.
- Tap, spinal
Protein (15-45 mg/dl) Glucose (50-75 mg/dl) Cell count (0-5 mononuclear cells) Initial pressure (70-180 mm) These normal values can be altered by injury or disease of the brain, spinal cord or adjacent tissues. The values are routinely evaluated during examination of the spinal fluid obtained from the lumbar puncture. Additionally, spinal fluid is tested for […]
Trade name for methimazole, an antithyroid medication.
A worm that is flat like a tape measure and functions as an intestinal parasite, unable to live freely on its own but able to live within an animal’s gut.
- Tapeworm infection, pork
Avoid eating raw or undercooked pork and other meats. Don’t eat meat of pigs that are likely to be infected with the tapeworm. Wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet and before handling food, especially when traveling in developing countries. Wash and peel all raw vegetables and fruits before eating. Avoid food […]
- Tapeworm, armed
Taenia solium. I would delete this-this term is not used anymore