The joint that hinges the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the skull. It is one of the most frequently used joints in the entire body, moving whenever a person eats, drinks, or talks.
- Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
A disorder of the temporomandibular joint(s) that causes pain, usually in front of the ear(s), sometimes in the form of a headache. Pain in the TMJ can be due to trauma, such as a blow to the face; inflammatory or degenerative arthritis, or poor dental work or structural defects that push the mandible back towards […]
- Ten-day measles
An acute highly contagious viral disease with fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and a spreading skin rash, the measles (also known as rubeola) is a potentially disastrous disease. It can be complicated by ear infections, pneumonia, encephalitis (that can cause convulsions, mental retardation. and even death), the sudden onset of low blood platelet levels […]
Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendinitis most commonly occurs as a result of injury, such as to the tendons around the shoulder or elbow. It can also occur as a result of an underlying inflammatory rheumatic disease, such as reactive arthritis or gout. Tendinitis is synonymous with tendonitis.
- Tendon, Achilles
The hero Achilles was invulnerable to injury except for his heel, which proved his downfall when it was pierced by Paris’s arrow. It has also proved, literally, to be the downfall of many athletes who have experienced the sudden pain of its rupture.
The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, but tough. When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendonitis.