The current name for an ancient system of health care from China. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is based on a concept of balanced qi (pronounced “chee”), or vital energy, that is believed to flow throughout the body. Qi is proposed to regulate a person’s spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical balance and to be influenced by the opposing forces of yin (negative energy) and yang (positive energy). Disease is proposed to result from the flow of qi being disrupted and yin and yang becoming imbalanced. Among the components of TCM are herbal and nutritional therapy, restorative physical exercises, meditation, acupuncture, and remedial massage.
- Traditional midwife
A direct-entry midwife practicing within the confines of traditional folk medicine. Traditional midwives are now very rare in the US, but preside over the majority of births in many other countries. Most have no formal medical training, but instead learned as an apprentice or through direct experience.
- Traditional oriental medicine
cold/heat, interior/exterior, excess/deficiency, and yin/yang. The Five Elements – fire, earth metal, water, and wood each correspond to a particular organ or tissue in the body and explain how the body works. TCM emphasizes individualized treatment. Treatment modalities include acupuncture, herbal formulations, acupressure, qi gong, oriental massage, and tai chi. At the heart of TCM […]
- Training, cross
Doing two or more aerobic activities such as jogging, bicycling, and swimming on a regular basis.
In genetics, a trait refers to any genetically determined characteristic. In technical terms, a genetic trait is amenable to segregation analysis rather than quantitative analysis. A dominant lethal trait is a trait that is expressed if present in the genome and therefore precludes having descendants. All such cases must necessarily be sporadic and must represent […]
- Trait, dominant lethal
A genetic trait that, if present in the genome of the individual, is expressed and therefore precludes the individual’s having descendants. All such cases with a dominant lethal trait must necessarily be sporadic and must represent new mutations, not inherited ones because a potential parent with the trait would die and not be able to […]