The process by which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA (mRNA) directs the production of proteins from amino acids.
- Translocation 11 childhood leukemia
A new type of childhood leukemia in which a piece of chromosome 11 has been translocated (broken off and attached itself to another chromosome).Position 11q23 is the site of the mixed lineage leukemia gene – a gene so called because it has a gene expression profile different from that seen in other leukemias such as […]
- Translocation, reciprocal
A type of chromosome rearrangement involving the exchange of chromosome segments between two chromosomes that do not belong to the same pair of chromosomes. A specific reciprocal translocation might, for example, involve the swap of material between chromosomes 1 and 19.
- Translocation, Robertsonian
A relatively very common and medically significant type of chromosome rearrangement that is formed by fusion of the whole long arms of two acrocentric chromosomes (chromosomes with the centromere near the very end). One in about 900 babies is born with a Robertsonian translocation making it the most common kind of chromosome rearrangement known in […]
- Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy
kuru; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease; Gerstmann-Straussler syndrome; fatal familial insomnia; variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).
- Transmission distortion
meiotic drive which is preferential selection during meiosis (germ cell production); gametic selection which is preferential selection of gametes (germ cells) ; and postzygotic viability which reflects differences in the ability of conceptions to survive. All of these mechanisms for selection result in the production of offspring in proportions that deviate from Mendelian predictions. For […]