The presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection without a positive chest X-ray. Treatment is not mandatory for dormant tuberculosis (TB), as with active TB, but it is a good idea because the bacterium could become active later. Treatment involves a course of antibiotics and vitamins.
- Tuberculosis, drug-resistant
Tuberculosis (TB) that does not respond to standard drug treatment. Drug-resistant TB has become a very serious problem in recent years in certain populations. For example, TB resistant to the drug isoniazid (INH) is seen among patients from Southeast Asia. The reason for this INH resistance is not quite clear. However, the presence of INH-like […]
- Tuberculosis, extrapulmonary
TB that occurs outside the lungs. For example, TB can be active in the lymph nodes or kidneys.
- Tuberculosis, genetic susceptibility to
Genes that make someone susceptible to developing tuberculosis (TB) when exposed to the bacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that causes it. Although there are millions of new cases of TB each year, not everyone exposed to the bacterium becomes infected nor does everybody infected with it develop clinical symptoms of TB. A genetic region has been discovered […]
- Tuberculosis, miliary
The presence of numerous sites of tuberculosis (TB) infection, each of which is minute. Miliary TB is caused by dissemination of infected material through the bloodstream.
- Tuberculosis, pulmonary
Tuberculosis (TB) in the lungs. Pulmonary TB is the most common form of active tuberculosis. It can be easily transmitted to others when someone who has it coughs.