All of the genetic information contained in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae).
The genomes of particular nonhuman organisms such as yeast have been studied for a number of reasons including the need to improve sequencing and analysis techniques. These nonhuman genomes also provide powerful sets of data against which to compare the human genome.
For example, a gene known to govern the rate of aging in yeast cells has been found to be active in mice, yielding a new insight into why mice and people age and, possibly, ways of enhancing life span.
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast) genome contains 12.1 million base pairs and is estimated to have 6,034 genes. The sequencing of this genome was completed in 1996.
- Yeast rash
A slightly raised pink-to-red rash that is caused by proliferation of yeast, usually in a moist area such as the groin. Yeast rash is most common in infants, but it can also occur on the skin of older children and adults. Treatment involves keeping the affected area clean and dry and applying topical antifungal medication. […]
- Yeast syndrome
The yeast Candida has been thought to cause a syndrome with a number of nonspecific problems including fatigue, loss of appetite, headache, short-attention span, depression and all manner of intestinal irregularities. There is no scientific evidence to support the existence of the yeast syndrome (also called the yeast connection).
- Yeast vaginitis
Infection of the vagina by a fungus known as Candida, characteristically causing itching, burning, soreness, pain during intercourse and urination, and vaginal discharge. Yeast vaginitis occurs when new yeast are introduced into the vagina or there is an increase in the quantity of yeast in the vagina relative to the quantity of bacteria (as when […]
- Yeast vulvitis
A yeast infection of the external genital organs of the female (the vulva). The vulva includes the labia, clitoris, and the entrance (the “vestibule”) to the vagina. Yeast vulvitis commonly goes together with yeast vaginitis, infection of the vagina by the fungus known as Candida. The common symptoms are itching, burning, soreness, pain during intercourse […]
- Yellow enzyme, Warburg's
A key respiratory enzyme discovered by the German biochemist Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883-1970), a pioneer in research on the respiration of cells and the metabolism of tumors. Warburg’s yellow enzyme is a flavoprotein that catalyzes an oxidation-reduction reaction necessary for normal breathing (respiration) , in other words, use of oxygen by cells. Warburg won the […]