Zeta-chain-associated protein kinase 70. A member of the protein tyrosine kinase family, ZAP-70 is normally expressed in T cells and natural killer cells and has a critical role in the initiation of T-cell signaling. ZAP-70 is expressed in T cells and tumors of T-cell lineage. A high level of ZAP-70 expression appears restricted to T-cell proliferative diseases and a subgroup of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The ZAP-70 gene is in chromosome 2q12.
- Z chromosome
A sex chromosome in certain animals, such as chickens, turkeys, and moths. In humans, males are XY and females XX, but in animals with a Z chromosome, males are ZZ and females are WZ.
Dx: Abbreviation for diagnosis, the determination of the nature of a disease.
To separate from others as during an infectious disease.