Acronym for the American National Standards Institute. Founded in 1918, ANSI is a voluntary organization composed of over 1,300 members (including all the large computer companies) that creates standards for the computer industry. For example, ANSI C is a version of the C language that has been approved by the ANSI committee. To a large degree, all ANSI C compilers, regardless of which company produces them, should behave similarly.
In addition to programming languages, ANSI sets standards for a wide range of technical areas, from electrical specifications to communications protocols. For example, FDDI, the main set of protocols for sending data over fiber optic cables, is an ANSI standard.
Short for Adobe Integrated Runtime, AIR is a new Adobe environment that is an extra layer of software that allows the same program to run on different operating systems and hardware, much like Java runs. AIR allows applications to be installed on the local operating system and accessed from the desktop just like the other […]
- Active Server Pages
Abbreviated as ASP, a specification for a dynamically created Web page with a .ASP extension that utilizes ActiveX scripting — usually VB Script or Jscript code. When a browser requests an ASP, the Web server generates a page with HTML code and sends it back to the browser. So ASPs are similar to CGI scripts, […]
A high-level programming language developed in the late 1970s and early 1980s for the United States Defense Department. Ada was designed to be a general-purpose language for everything from business applications to rocket guidance systems. One of its principal features is that it supports real-time applications. In addition, Ada incorporates modular techniques that make it […]
- Adobe Photoshop
A leading paint program from Adobe Systems, Inc. For many years, Photoshop has been the model against which other paint programs are compared. Initially, it ran only on Macintosh systems, which was a strong selling point for Macs, especially among graphic artists. Today, Photoshop runs on both Macs and Windows PCs.
- Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
Abbreviated as APIC, an Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller is a PIC used to extend the number of IRQs available, has more available interrupt lines that a typical PIC and also supports distributed CPUs. APIC must be implemented on the motherboard and also supported by the operating system. APIC differs from PIC as it offers multiple […]