The CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 (acronym for Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography And Marketing Act of 2003) officially came into law on January 1, 2004. The CAN-SPAM Act applies to almost all businesses in the US that use e-mail, and provides recipients of spam with the right to opt-out of these spam messages, and have their opt-out (or unsubscribe) request acted upon. Under the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003, permission of the e-mail recipient is not required prior to sending out the e-mails, however if a recipient wants to unsubscribe or opt-out of the mailings then the business must stop sending the e-mails as per the opt-out request or face severe penalties.
In addition to enforcing an opt-out or unsubscribe system for recipients, the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 also prohibits some of the common spammer trickery such as; changing mail servers to send the spam, changing e-mail headers or the “from” e-mail address to hide the identity of the sender, and using deceptive subject heading.
Damages for non-compliance can result in the spammer facing fines of up to $250 per illegal e-mail message up to a maximum of $2 million or more if the offense includes certain aggravating violations. In situations involving e-mail deception, the penalty could be jail time.
(1) Short for computer assisted personal interviewing, a surveying technique that uses a computer-based questionnaire. As an alternative to paper questionnaires, CAPI allows the interviewer to customize the survey, so that respondents answer questions only about subjects they’re familiar with and receive questions in a random order to avoid biases. CAPI also seeks to improve […]
Short for completely automated public turing test to tell computers and humans apart, a technique used by a computer to tell if it is interacting with a human or another computer. Because computing is becoming pervasive, and computerized tasks and services are commonplace, the need for increased levels of security has led to the development […]
Acronym for Common Address Redundancy Protocol. CARP is a free alternative to the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) and the Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP). Its primary purpose is to allow multiple hosts on the same network segment to share an IP address. CARP works by allowing a group of hosts on the same network […]
Short for Computer Aided Software Engineering, a category of softwarethat provides a development environment for programming teams. CASE systems offer tools to automate, manage and simplify the development process. These can include tools for: Summarizing initial requirements Developing flow diagrams Scheduling development tasks Preparing documentation Controlling software versions Developing program code Various companies offer CASE […]
Short for constant angular velocity, a technique for accessing data off of rotating disks. With CAV, the disk rotates at a constant speed regardless of what area of the disk is being accessed. This differs from Constant Linear Velocity (CLV), which rotates the disk faster for inner tracks. Disk drives use CAV, whereas CD-ROMs generally […]