Pronounced chirp. Short for Common Hardware Reference Platform, a specification for PowerPC -based machines that can run the Mac OS, Windows NT, or AIX. First released in 1996, CHRP was supposed to make it possible for computer vendors to build Macintosh clones as well as PowerPC-based NT computers.
CHRP is also called the PowerPC Platform (PPCP).
Short for Customer Information Control System, a TP monitor from IBM that was originally developed to provide transaction processing for IBM mainframes. It controls the interaction between applications and users and lets programmers develop screen displays without detailed knowledge of the terminals being used. CICS is also available on non-mainframe platforms including the RS/6000, AS/400 […]
- CIE color model
(n.) A color model based on human perception developed by the CIE (Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage) committee. While widely regarded as the most accurate color model, CIE is unsuitable for many technologies, including color printing and color monitors. Consequently, these systems need to use other color models, such as CMYK and RGB.
- Common Internet File System (CIFS)
Short for Common Internet File System, a protocol that defines a standard for remote file access using millions of computers at a time. With CIFS, users with different platforms and computers can share files without having to install new software. CIFS runs over TCP/IP but uses the SMB (Server Message Block) protocol found in Microsoft […]
Short for Common Information Model, an industry standard, developed by the Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF), for describing data about applications and devices so that administrators and software management programs can control applications and devices on different platforms in the same way, ensuring interoperability across a network. Using techniques of object-oriented programming, CIM provides a […]
Short for Chief Information Officer, CIO is a job title given to someone within an enterprise who heads, at the executive board level, information technology within an organization. The CIO is largely responsible for the computer systems and the information technology (IT) that support the organization, and works within the organization’s budget to oversee the […]