Acronym for enterprise application integration. EAI is the unrestricted sharing of data and business processes throughout the networked applications or data sources in an organization. Early software programs in areas such as inventory control, human resources, sales automation and database management were designed to run independently, with no interaction between the systems. They were custom built in the technology of the day for a specific need being addressed and were often proprietary systems. As enterprises grow and recognize the need for their information and applications to have the ability to be transferred across and shared between systems, companies are investing in EAI in order to streamline processes and keep all the elements of the enterprise interconnected.
There are four major categories of EAI:
Database linking: databases share information and duplicate information as needed.
Application linking: the enterprise shares business processes and data between two or more applications.
Data warehousing: data is extracted from a variety of data sources and channeled into a specific database for analysis.
Common virtual system: the pinnacle of EAI; all aspects of enterprise computing are tied together so that they appear as a unified application.
Short for Extensible Authentication Protocol, an extension to PPP. EAP is a general protocol for authentication that also supports multiple authentication methods, such as token cards, Kerberos, one-time passwords, certificates, public key authentication and smart cards. IEEE 802.1x specifies how EAP should be encapsulated in LANframes. In wireless communications using EAP, a user requests connection […]
Abbreviation of Extended Binary-Coded Decimal Interchange Code. Pronounced eb-sih-dik, EBCDIC is an IBM code for representing characters as numbers. Although it is widely used on large IBM computers, most other computers, including PCs and Macintoshes, use ASCIIcodes.
Short for electronic bill presentment and payment, the process by which companies bill customers and receive payments electronically over the Internet. There are two types of presentment models: direct model: a biller delivers the bill to customers via its own Web site, or via a third-party’s site. consolidator model: bills from multiple billers are delivered […]
Short for Electronic Book Exchange, a DRM standard for protecting copyright in electronic books and for distributing electronic books among publishers, distributors, retailers, libraries, and consumers. The standard was proposed by the Open EBook Forum, adopted by Glassbook (and thence Adobe), and subsequently abandoned.
Short for the Electronic Commerce Code Management Association, ECCMA is an international association of industry and government master data managers. ECCMA’s goal is to increase the quality and lower the cost of descriptions of individuals, organizations, goods and services through developing and promoting International Standards for Master Data Quality.