(n.) (1) A node on a network that serves as an entrance to another network. In enterprises, the gateway is the computer that routes the traffic from a workstation to the outside network that is serving the Web pages. In homes, the gateway is the ISPthat connects the user to the internet.
In enterprises, the gateway node often acts as a proxy server and a firewall. The gateway is also associated with both a router, which use headers and forwarding tables to determine where packets are sent, and a switch, which provides the actual path for the packet in and out of the gateway.
(2) A computer system located on earth that switches data signals and voice signals between satellites and terrestrialnetworks.
(3) An earlier term for router, though now obsolete in this sense as router is commonly used.
The GNU version of awk. The original version of gawk was written in 1986 by Paul Rubin and Jay Fenlason.
Short for computer geek, an individual with a passion for computers, to the exclusion of other normal human interests. Depending on the context, it can be used in either a derogatory or affectionate manner. Basically, geek and nerd are synonymous.
- gender changer
A gender changer refers to any adapter, connector or cable that can be used to change the male connectors (end with pins) to female connectors, and vise versa.
- generation loss
(1) The loss of quality when copying or printing data. The more copies are used, rather than originals, and saved the higher the quality loss. (2) In video terminology it is video degradation caused by successive recordings from the original source (dubs from dubs). Generation loss also results from analog duplication of original video recording.
- genetic programming
A type of programming that utilizes the same properties of natural selection found in biological evolution. The general idea behind genetic programming is to start with a collection of functions and randomly combine them into programs; then run the programs and see which gives the best results; keep the best ones (natural selection), mutate some […]